Minority Rights Discourse in India

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(as of Sep 20,2021 23:42:44 UTC – Details)

Ethnicity is a by-product of a historical process. Minorities may come into existence either as a result of conquest and
subjugation or breakup of a multi-national empire or the process of amalgamation or political, social and economic inequalities or integration of ethnic groups or immigration or combination of these various factors. 3 In India minority environment is the combination of these factors. Minority groups are not eternal entities but changing dynamic social units that may emerge,metamorphose and disappear over time according to historical circumstances.4 Today there has been a resurgence of demands by minority groups the world over, who do not control the power of the state and therefore, increasing militancy of social and economic movements. However, this docs not mean that every minority demand has to be necessarily conflictive. In plural societies where effective mechanisms for constructive association, co-existence,
interest articulation and potential conflict management exist minority problems do not tend to become conflictive.!:>
Nevertheless, the problem of minorities in the sense it is commonly understood, is a by-product of a den10cratic process
because all totalitarian regimes always enforce uniformity and homoge neity. One of the basic bricks of any democratic society is equal concern for alL Therefore, consciousness of the problem of minorities in a democratic system is basically an expression of this equal concern. This is the reason that plural societies have better chances of survival than monolithic societies. One condition [or the survival of a monolithic society is its isolation from other societies which in the present century is not possible because super highways of information and transport have transformed the world into a global village. This points to the fact that only plural societies enjoy a better chance of survivaL If Indian civilization could survive the various onslaughts it is only because of its pluralism.

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